The Nigerian Institute of Animal Science was established by the National Assembly Act No. 26 of 2007 under the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development as a regulatory agency for Animal Science practice with powers to regulate all matters pertaining to Animal husbandry in Nigeria.
The Institute was established in response to the unfortunate low level per capita animal protein intake (10gm/head as against 35gm/head) as well as the yearnings and lamentations of livestock farmers inundated with adulterated inputs, exploitative investors and poor development of the value chain. Also, the quality of research and training in our institutions of higher learning was taking a nose-dive and worse still research infrastructure is poorly developed and ill-equipped. There was no demonstrable plan to achieve self sufficiency in animal production through animal breeding and genetics, animal nutrition, animal management, processing, preservation, distribution and marketing. Standards for professional practice and industry regulation were absent. There was no agency on ground to set and regulate the Professional Animal husbandry practice standards and regulations for Nigeria. All these informed the establishment of the Nigerian Institute of Animal Science.