The context of Borno state and Northeast manifests the Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme’s (NSRP) assertion of Nigeria national conflict management architecture and security governance as relying on a complex and overlapping set of agencies that are poorly coordinated, lack strategic direction, not inclusive or accountable and do not enable cooperation between state and non-state actors, preventing effective early warning and response and often led to heavy-handed, selective action while failing to identify and tackle underlying causes of violence. Nigeria’s security forces, including the police, are often accused of human rights abuses including unlawful killings, arbitrary arrest and detention, extortion, sexual harassment, and disappearances1, leading to a lack of trust from civilians, both due to the perceived ineffectiveness of security response to halt violence and years of disenfranchisement and marginalization from decision-making regarding security matters. Also, limited participation of civilians in security management, increased demand for inclusion and accountability of security actors as well as the need to foster effective implementation of the UNSCR1325 on women peace and security (WPS) lay the foundation for the design of the public safety and security (PSS) project.
The Public Safety and Security (PSS) programme is aimed at improving the effectiveness of security responses and protection of civilians through enhanced trust and collaboration between civilians and security forces in Borno State working with both community and security agencies. The PSS project was designed to learn from giant strides of past programmes in the security and justice reform programme (SJRP) such as security, justice and growth (SJG), justice for all programme (J4A) the NSRP and Nigeria Policing Programme (NPP) among others. The project is contributing to the overall SJRP portfolio of CSSF and Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).
Goal of the training
The training will equip the project team members with the relevant thematic skills of the project; security governance as a fraction of Security and Justice Reform Programme (SJRP), the PSS project as a component of the SJRP, community-oriented policing, civil military relationship, social cohesion and accountability in the context of security governance programme while integrating the UNSCR1325 on Women Peace and Security (WPS).
The overarching goal of this activity is to improve the quality delivery of the PSS project through enhance capacity of the project team members on the project thematic areas.
1 This report has been developed by the Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme. published September, 2017.
At the end of this training it expected that;
The Consultant will be responsible for developing training contents, building on this ToR and facilitating the trainings sessions for the target population in Borno State. The training will center on security and justice reform programme covering; community-oriented policing, civil military relationship, social cohesion and accountability in the context of security governance programme while integrating the UNSCR1325 on Women Peace and Security (WPS). The consultant will work with the Project Manager to develop the training materials and facilitate the training session in Maiduguri Borno State.
Required skills and experience
Period being evaluated: October 2019 – March 2021
Dates of the evaluation: February to March 2021
Programme title: Zaman Lafiya Hakin Mu (Peace is our Obligation): Strengthening Peace through Greater Inclusive, Coordinated and Accountable Security Management in Borno State
Project Intervention Zones: IDPs camps, Host Communities within Bama, Dikwa, Gwoza and Ngala Local Government Area in Borno State
Alert’s Public Safety and Security Programme in Northeast Nigeria
After a decade of violence and bloodshed caused by the Boko Haram insurgency and the military response, a semblance of stability is returning to some areas of Borno State. The military has recaptured territory that was formerly controlled by Boko Haram and has established relatively secure garrison towns where civilians can conduct ordinary socioeconomic activities and where management of security is gradually being handed back to the police. In these areas, there is potential to develop stabilisation and resilience programming to prevent a return to violence.
Currently, civilian participation in security management is limited but there is a strong demand for greater inclusion. Civilians (including traditionally marginalized groups like women and youth) are increasingly participating in local conflict management platforms. There is also greater demand for greater accountability for the actions of formal and informal security actors, and for a stronger coordination between citizens and security actors to assure that decisions being made are understood and agreed-upon by all relevant parties.
Alert proposed a project that addresses these demands and contributes to stabilization and peacebuilding in communities in Borno. The project further proposed to strengthen the coordination and advocacy around security governance initiatives, through co-leadership of the northeast Peace and Security Network and implementing joint analysis and advocacy initiatives with other organizations.
Project Goals and Objectives
The project has an overall goal to improve the effectiveness of security responses and protection of civilians through enhanced trust and collaboration between civilians and security forces in Borno. The specific objectives are:
The project targets Nigerian Police divisions in the target areas, community members (ensuring representation of the various demographic groups), local government authorities and other security actors. Though the focus of the project remains on the Nigerian Police, a preliminary desk review identified key formal and informal security stakeholders who were also engaged. These include the military and civil defence corps, semi-formal vigilante groups like the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF), informal vigilante groups like the “Yan Banga”, and various community groups affiliated with certain associations or religious groups and who conduct security functions (such as the “Yan Agagi”- boy’s brigade who provide security during religious gatherings).
The project target sites are:
GSSS Bama IDP camp and host community
Abba Masta IDP camp and host community
IDP camp and Wakani Hausari host community
International School Camp and Ngamboru B Host community
2. Objectives of the evaluation
This final evaluation will be used to understand the impact of Alert’s public safety and security programme in Borno State North East Nigeria. It will provide information on the effectiveness and sustainability of the programme, for internal accountability and learning which will be used for designing, planning and implementation of future programmes and for accountability to donors.
Specific objectives are:
3. Evaluation Timing and Duration
The evaluation would commence in February 2021 with a desk research and field data collection and be finalized in March 2021.
4. Evaluation Methodology
The evaluation will be led by a lead evaluator who will adopt a mixed quantitative and qualitative results-based approach, and utilise several data collection tools, including a project document review, direct observation, interviews with key informants and focus group discussions. The evaluation could also use participatory approach to design, data collection and/or analysis that would be inclusive of women’s as well as men specific perspective. The evaluation design and implementation should meet OECD-DAC quality standards and follow OECDDAC guidelines for evaluating peacebuilding in settings of fragility.
Approved methodology will be in line with adherence to government guidelines and health advisories related to the Covid-19 pandemic.
This evaluation will include the following steps:
Inception phase: The evaluator will review project documentation and have initial conversations with programme staff to ensure that he/she has enough information to refine the evaluation methodology.
Inception Report: This will capture a detailed methodology, work plan tools for data collection and analysis to be reviewed and finalised with International Alert.
Data Collection: Data will be collected using approved tools and methodology and will be carried out in the programme target areas in Borno State. A methodology workshop will be conducted with the evaluation team before deployment and facilitated by the Consultant.
International Alert will provide lists of different stakeholders and partners to be consulted with necessary support from Alert Staff.
Analysis of results: All collected data, should form part of a comprehensive analysis. The analysis should seek to answer the evaluation questions and be geared to respond to the objectives of the evaluation. Prior to data collection, International Alert will review the data entry tools to be used to ensure consistency across evaluation locations. A one-day data analysis workshop will be conducted with the evaluation team and facilitated by the consultant.
Reports: A draft report will be submitted to Alert. It will respond fully to the final evaluation terms of reference. The final report will take into account the observations and comments of Alert on the first draft report.
5. Deliverables and tentative schedule
The evaluator will produce an inception report detailing methodology and tools for data collection and analysis and an evaluation report.
All deliverables will have to be approved by Alert’s Project Manager who will also secure other internal approvals as necessary.
All deliverables and data of the evaluation will be owned by Alert and may be used for both internal and external reporting and communications. The deadlines will be agreed with the consultant.
The main body of the evaluation report, in Word format, should be between 15 and 20 pages (excluding the appendices/annexes) and is to include the following elements:
6. Evaluation findings and learning use and dissemination
External: The full report will be shared with the donors funding the programme as well as other stakeholders. A summary of the report will be published on the Alert website.
Internal: MEL Officer will facilitate a management response process that will provide an opportunity to discuss findings, and lead to an action plan with clear deadlines and responsibilities for uptake of recommendations.
7. Support and resources to be provided by Alert
Based on the final ToRs and contract, International Alert will provide resources such as flight, accommodation, logistical support, office space, insurance. International Alert’s M&E Officer and Project Manager will be the focal point person for communicating and providing documentation to the Consultant
8. Ethics and data protection
Relevant International Alert policies on procurement and HR, and the organisational code of conduct will be provided to successful candidates.
9. Required skills and experience
We are seeking an experienced external consultant to conduct the evaluation.
The consultants will be:
10. Application process
To apply, please submit your proposal by email to firstname.lastname@example.org by 29th January, 2021, using the following as the subject of their email: Nig_PSS_Endline_2021
The proposal will include the following:
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